Dental One Associates of Pikesville
25 Hooks Lane, Suite 212, Pikesville, MD 21208

Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

dca-blog_gum-disease

Periodontitis is an infection of the gums. It is generally related to poor oral hygiene. The condition begins as a mild inflammation around the base of your gums; this stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. As it advances, it can destroy the soft tissues and the bone that holds your teeth in place. Although periodontal disease is extremely common, it is also preventable with good oral hygiene habits and regular dental care. For most people, prevention is as simple as brushing twice a day, flossing every day, and seeing their dentist regularly.

Common Symptoms of Gum Disease

The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis include the following:

  • Red or purple gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Gum sensitivity or tenderness
  • Receding gums
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Presence of pus between teeth and gums
  • Bad breath or unpleasant taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in bite

Causes of Gum Disease

Periodontitis begins when bacteria-laden plaque forms on the surface of teeth. Although brushing and flossing removes plaque, it re-forms within 24 hours. If it stays on your teeth for more than two or three days, it hardens into tartar, which requires professional removal. The bacterial toxins in plaque and tartar irritate and inflame gum tissues. Eventually, deep pockets form between your teeth and gums, and these fill with plaque, tartar and bacteria. As the infection advances under your gums, tissue and bone loss occurs. Although poor oral hygiene causes most cases, other risk factors include smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, depressed immune function, medications that reduce the flow of saliva and genetic susceptibility.

Don’t Lose Your Teeth to Periodontitis

The long-term consequences of untreated periodontitis include early tooth loss and increased risk of serious medical problems like cardiovascular disease. To prevent them, practice consistent oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly, and make an appointment immediately if your gums appear puffy and red or bleed when you brush your teeth.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Pikesville, call Dental One Associates of Pikesville today at (443) 898-1231 or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Pikesville. With 12 affiliated practices throughout Maryland, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Pikesville, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Pikesville.

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Everytime it had an appointment or emergency I have received great care from the front desk all the way back to Dr. Stewart!
Jack M.
I have been going to DOA of Pikesville for almost six years. I am now under orthodontic care with them in addition to my general dentistry care. I could not imagine going to any other dentist office. […]
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Great staff and great dental work
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Short wait time, the hygienist is genteel and efficient. I am always out of there in a reasonable amount of time.
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Same day service! The entire staff was very professional and helpful. They were concerned about my health a needs. Thanks to you all in no longer in pain!
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Your office represents what a Dentist office should be about – service, skill and cost.
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At first, being honest with everyone ,being there gave me chills and just knowing deep down inside what I needed to get done I really wanted to walk out and say the hell with it I really didn’t […]
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Dr. was excellent. He was professional yet personable and made sure I was comfortable at all times during my visit.
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The doctor is awesome. She is friendly and takes her time. She enjoys her job and never acts like she isn’t interested in her patients. I love her!!!
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I have three children age range from 5-10 they love going to the dentist and the staff is awesome. My wife and I have been coming here now for at least 4 year’s not to sure about other […]
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I have always enjoyed coming to this office. Everyone is very nice and helpful. They offer all available options so i can make the best decisions for my dental care. I appreciate all of the employees […]
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

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  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 3:00 PM
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  • Phone: (443) 898-1231
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